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Historical building at Campos

30 de November de 2020

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Campos dos Goytacazes is the oldest municipality in the northern part of the state and its largest. It became a standout city in the 18thand 19th centuries thanks to its high sugar production and was home to a powerful agrarian aristocracy,from which it’s inherited an important material legacy.

The Liceu das Humanidades building is a highlight. It was erected in the 19th century. Originally, it was the home of Baron and Baroness of Lagoa Dourada (Golden Pond), a wealthy couple that was prominent in the city’s politics. It was opened in 1867 with a magnificent ball and was considered one of Campos’ most beautiful and majestic buildings. It was listed for heritage protection by the State Cultural Heritage Institute (INEPAC) in 1988.

Solar do Visconde de Araruama is another example. Built in the late 18th century, it was home to the City Council and to City Hall. Listed for heritage protection by the National Institute of Artistic and Historical Patrimony (IPHAN) in 1943 and by (INEPAC) in 1987, today it’s used by the Campos Historical Museum.

Solar dos Airizes, built in the 19th century and listed by IPHAN in 1940, and the city’s Forum, built in 1935 in neoclassical style for Campos’ centennial, are also important parts of the local heritage.

More About
  • The Liceu de Humanidades has consolidated as a school. Currently it works as a state high school and elementary school.
  • The Solar Visconde de Araruama became the Historical Museum of Campos. It is divided into two areas: the ground floor held temporary exhibitions (two rooms), and on the upper floors is the permanent exhibition, which occupies eight rooms. In these rooms, the visitor can find photos, documents and furniture that make all the reconstruction of Campos History, from the time of colonization until the beginning of the nineteenth century.
  • It is popularly said that Solar dos Airizes served as inspiration for the novel "Escrava Isaura" by the writer Bernardo Guimarães. There are several local legends that involve the house; such as the one that the place is supposed to be haunted, and about the existence of Isaura, character of the novel. Currently the mansion is closed, but its façade can be visited.

Liceu de Humanidades
Address: Barão da Lagoa Dourada Street, 15 – Downtown, Campos dos Goytacazes – RJ, 28035-220.
Phone: +55 (22) 2725-0709
Museu Histórico de Campos – Solar Visconde de Araruama
Address: Santíssimo Salvador Square, 40 – Downtown, Campos dos Goytacazes – RJ
Phone: +55 (22) 2728-5058
+55 (22) 98175-0616
Opening Hours: Tuesday to Friday, from 10am to 17pm. Weekends from 9am to 14pm.
Solar dos Airizes
Address: BR-356, Campos-São João da Barra Road – Martins Lage, in the borders of Paraíba do Sul river